Napoleon is one of the most celebrated and controversial political figures in human history. He is also a controversial figure whose leadership was flawed and violent, but transformative. The Good: The Code Napoleon modernized the French legal system, the central bank, the educational system. The Bad: His misogyny limited women’s education and social roles and prevented their significant contributions. The Ugly: A racist colonizer, warmonger, and enslaver, Napoleon came to power in a coup.