Americans generally acknowledge French help in winning our independence from Great Britain, but are unaware of the significant benefits to America culture from France, specifically Paris, in the 19th and early 20th century. First, explore the presence of Franklin, Jefferson, Adams and John Paul Jones in Paris in the late 18th century. Then learn about numerous Americans who benefited from the education, training and cultural opportunities available in Paris in the decades before and after our Civil War. In the 20th century the tolerant atmosphere of Paris attracted such well-known African Americans as Josephine Baker, Richard Wright and James Baldwin. Learn about the benefits accrued to Americans from their stay in Paris and the resulting benefits to American life and culture.