When the Soviets left Afghanistan in 1989, the CIA withdrew most of its funding and influence. What remained was a power vacuum in which old tribal rivalries resumed, now powered by radical Islam, American-provided Kalashnikovs, and well-organized militias armed with the confidence of having just defeated the Soviet giant. This course will chronicle the post-Soviet Afghanistan, from its struggles to install a government, to the rise of the Taliban, to its quest to retain a viable state among a people whose tribal history contravenes the very concept of central government. The Afghanistan we know is marred by official corruption, terrorism, scarce resources, and a portion of the population that resists entry into the 21st (or even 20th) century. Please enlist in this important and difficult study of the enigma that is modern Afghanistan.